John F. Kennedy and Third World Relations
During President John F. Kennedy’s presidential term, there was little presence of major world powers in Third World countries. Kennedy recognized the importance of U.S. influence in these underdeveloped nations. He wanted to provide assistance to such underdeveloped Third World nations by helping economic growth and political maturity. Both the U.S. and the Soviet Union had no original importance to underdeveloped Africa, specifically. Kennedy desired to create new relations and foreign policy towards Africa before another country established its own influence. One of Kennedy’s many decisions in Africa was whether to give foreign aid to the Volta River project. This was a significant milestone for the economic development in Ghana. While the project relocated over 80,000 people (roughly 1% of the population), it would provide electricity for the aluminium industry. It was of no importance to Kennedy if the project successful or not. Kennedy’s goal was to make it visible that the U.S. was competing for African trust. Twenty five percent of the project was funded by the World Bank, United States, and United Kingdom. U.S. contribution to the Volta River project was a milestone in U.S. foreign relations because it was the first time in a long time the U.S. reached out to Third World countries. This influence would carry on after Kennedy’s presidency.