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Kennedy and the Third World

Kennedy and the Third World

John F. Kennedy and Third World Relations

During President John F. Kennedy’s presidential term, there was little presence of major world powers in Third World countries. Kennedy recognized the importance of U.S. influence in these underdeveloped nations. He wanted to provide assistance to such underdeveloped Third World nations by helping economic growth and political maturity. Both the U.S. and the Soviet Union had no original importance to underdeveloped Africa, specifically. Kennedy desired to create new relations and foreign policy towards Africa before another country established its own influence. One of Kennedy’s many decisions in Africa was whether to give foreign aid to the Volta River project. This was a significant milestone for the economic development in Ghana. While the project relocated over 80,000 people (roughly 1% of the population), it would provide electricity for the aluminium industry. It was of no importance to Kennedy if the project successful or not. Kennedy’s goal was to make it visible that the U.S. was competing for African trust. Twenty five percent of the project was funded by the World Bank, United States, and United Kingdom. U.S. contribution to the Volta River project was a milestone in U.S. foreign relations because it was the first time in a long time the U.S. reached out to Third World countries. This influence would carry on after Kennedy’s presidency.

http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/EXTABOUTUS/EXTARCHIVES/0,,contentMDK:21535372~pagePK:36726~piPK:437378~theSitePK:29506,00.html

Vietnam War WJC Library findings

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These photos are of faculty/staff and students who spoke out against the Vietnam War on campus. Dr. Robert D. Linder, Don Lamken, Bron Baker, Fred Turpin, Will Adams, George A. Flaragan. 

I found a Jewell Graduate William G. Byrns of 67′ who was shot down on May 23, 1972 by the North Vietnamese. He was held as a P.O.W and was released March 28, 1973. I have his whole WJC folder and his correspondents with Jewell. His wife wrote a letter to Jewell while Byrns was a P.O.W. 

I researched the William Jewell Student newspaper (before it was Hilltop Monitor) from 1960s to 1973 and I only found a few incidences where the newspaper discusses the Vietnam War. There was a few events of demonstrations I found on campus and groups created, but for the most part the college censored the newspaper because Baptist affiliation. In the newspapers the students mention a few time about freedom of speech. Also we had a professor named Robert D. Linder who worked for the school for a few years leave the school in protest because he disagreed with how the school handled the students concerning censorship. I have his letter to the editor that bashes the school on why he left the school. 

I also found another professor named Paul Cantrell who had a huge altercation with students in his classroom that went against some sort of freedom within the class. The newspapers were censored so much that the incident and what happened were never discussed in full. I even searched the president archives and nothing is said on this guy. 

sources

http://northkansascityhighschool.com/InMemoryOf/InMemoryOf-1962/Triplett-EmoryGale-1962.htm

http://archives.clayclerk.com/files/Mil-Veterans-List%20of%20Vets%20thru%202004.pdf

Achieve

http://www.demo-mo.com/2013/09/20/22396/sept-20-obits.html

http://www.excelsiorspringsstandard.com/obits/floyd-marriott-2/

http://www.libertyhigh56.net/obits/thomashendren.htm

http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/aabergman.htm

http://digital.library.umsystem.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=tatler;cc=tatler;idno=tatler1961;sid=c7edee8c283f88d7c65279f309cdb3dc;seq=25

https://www.lambdachi.org/blog/candc/volunteering-for-todays-lambda-chi/

http://www.umkc.edu/whmckc/PUBLICATIONS/MCP/MCPPDF/Kingsley-4-14-93.pdf

http://www.baptisthistory.org/bhhs/journal/journalarticles.html

http://www.jewell.edu/gen/partee_center_generated_pages/Pamphlets_Database_m36.html

Links

http://books.google.com/books?id=YQ3y_u7OSTMC&pg=PA272&lpg=PA272&dq=william+jewell+college+vietnam&source=bl&ots=ZiI9EVmHXK&sig=e29fEesipq_axEF-ff61lMBQZXA&hl=en&sa=X&ei=wrtzUsCoKvKnsQS38ICABQ&ved=0CD4Q6AEwBDgK#v=onepage&q=william%20jewell%20college%20vietnam&f=false

the google page doesnt show the references to jewell, but we could look the book up in the library im sure.

http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1908&dat=19721009&id=LWcfAAAAIBAJ&sjid=htQEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6364,2696605

We remember Richard Posted on 10/21/99 – by Joe Stokes Just CallJoe@cs.com 

Richard and I were classmates at William Jewell College as well as fraternity brothers. Richard was a fun person and Richard enjoyed life. He was funny, bright and a good guy always ready to come to the assistance of someone in need.

Richard was doing his duty for his Country when he died. He wasn’t a warrior in his heart, he was too nice a guy for that but he did his job and he did it well.
We’ll always remember Richard for his humor and his bright outlook and he remains missed. See more at: http://www.vvmf.org/Wall-of-Faces/10408/RICHARD-L-COOPER#sthash.6yDCq2PH.dpuf
 
http://armypubs.army.mil/epubs/pdf/go8724.pdf this guy had an honorary degree from Jewell (and about a million other schools).

Links

http://www.jewell.edu/gen/william_and_jewell_generated_pages/Library_Research_Databases_Subject_List_p7142.html#History

http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1908&dat=19721009&id=LWcfAAAAIBAJ&sjid=htQEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6364,2696605

maybe…. Dr. claude r. sasso

http://books.google.com/books?id=-nSYS7fXBU0C&pg=PA324&lpg=PA324&dq=william+jewell+college+vietnam&source=bl&ots=S5aiZ0F5AD&sig=dpgjfQCohU5aevbKndlt9JHdNp4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=NzlzUoSdOovgsATB0IDABA&ved=0CCoQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=william%20jewell%20college%20vietnam&f=false

 

Link

http://books.google.com/books?id=ynd2Tprh0pwC&pg=PA216&lpg=PA216&dq=william+jewell+college+and+vietnam+war&source=bl&ots=sbkyh2VUL-&sig=sb8Vxijxu8jKyKP2m0WtvSQJTPA&hl=en&sa=X&ei=qvJyUsmwJOqe2QWxvYHABQ&ved=0CD4Q6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=william%20jewell%20college%20and%20vietnam%20war&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=ynd2Tprh0pwC&pg=PA216&lpg=PA216&dq=william+jewell+college+and+vietnam+war&source=bl&ots=sbkyh2VUL-&sig=sb8Vxijxu8jKyKP2m0WtvSQJTPA&hl=en&sa=X&ei=qvJyUsmwJOqe2QWxvYHABQ&ved=0CD4Q6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=william%20jewell%20college%20and%20vietnam%20war&f=false

Left Behind: The Evangelical Left and The Limits of Evangelical Politics is a book written by Dr. David R. Swartz. On page 216, in one of Swartz’s footnotes, he describes an altercation between Robert D. Linder, a William Jewell College Professor in 1965, and a class of 30 students on the topic of the Vietnam War as a “Verbal Brawl” to the point that the class literally were approaching the front of the classroom during the confrontation. Linder was very a outspoken anti-war advocate and his U.S. Politics students were pro-war. This altercation symbolizing the tensions and emotions that where tied to the War in Vietnam.