I saw this article a while ago and thought I’d post it
I saw this article a while ago and thought I’d post it
This is the recently constructed 9/11 memorial in honor of the thousands who perished in the attacks on the World Trade Center towers. Like we discussed in class, this is a once in a generation event that everyone will remember where they were when they first heard about the attacks. I was in my 5th grade class. I still vividly remember the confusion I felt immediately after I was informed about what was happening. Much like many people, I could not believe it. But if there was one positive that resulted in so much tragedy, it was that this country was more united that I have ever seen it. There were American flags on every house and flagpole that I crossed. I remember being really proud of how we bonded as a country, even as an adolescent.
But within 13 short years, this country is very divided. The last topic of our class discussion is the future of this country; more specifically foreign policy and honestly I have no idea what our future looks like in either regard. I guess it will depend on which political party will be in power in our government because their ideals are very far apart in today’s government, and their stubbornness as well. I guess it is just disheartening as an American that our government is dysfunctional enough to have to have a shut down. I hope the best for our future and I believe everything will be fine but there are going to have to be some compromises made.
This is a picture of President Richard Nixon when he took a trip to China in 1972. This exercised what President Richard Nixon and National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger called détente. Détente is the easing of strained relationships, especially in a political situation. President Nixon and National Security Adviser Kissinger didn’t care what the Chinese were doing to their own people they just cared that they were allied with the United States. President Nixon realized that China was not his enemy, the Soviet Union. Nixon realized that not all Communism was an enemy of the United States of America, just the Soviet Union (this idea was squashed by Ronald Reagan when he said that all communism is evil and needs to be eliminated).
This move by President Richard Nixon in 1972 got China out of its isolation and opened up relations between the United States of America and China. It was a bold move by Nixon and his administration. I don’t believe that this was the right move. I believe that Ronald Reagan had the better idea of all communism being evil and not just the Soviet Union. Democracy is the best and America is number one. Communism is bad.
My primary source for the class on December 4th is President Bush’s remarks immediately after hearing about the tragic attacks on September 11, 2001. President Bush’s remarks were seemed very sincere and to the point to me. He started his remarks at 9:30 in the morning and ended them a minute later. The President was actually reading to a class of elementary school children in Florida when he heard of the terrible attacks. I, myself, was in the third grade when the attacks happened. They didn’t tell me about the attacks at school and I learned about it when I got back home.
I believe the remarks President Bush stated after the attacks were very appropriate and on point. In his remarks he states, “Terrorism against our nation will not stand.” At the end of his remarks he also states that there will be a moment of silence for all the victims that had fallen in the attacks. President Bush immediately flew to Washington after his remarks to lead the nation and decide what the next step will be. I will never forget September 11 and will always remember that day. September 11th, to me, is a “day that will live in infamy”.
This primary source is Osama Bin Laden’s 1998 Fatwa made on February 23 against the United States of America. The fatwa clearly states Bin Laden’s anger concerning the United States’ actions towards Islam and his intentions to correct the U.S’s wrong doings. From studying Islam I know that Osama Bin Laden was Sunni militaristic Islamic, which is rare because Sunni is usually considered the less conservative branch in Islam. The rhetoric expressed in the fatwa is heavy in Islamic passages of Allah worship and anger. All of the Islamic passages feature vengeance and action to correct in the name of Allah. The language in the fatwa articulates the anger and frustration the Muslim people are experiencing in their countries over Western pressure. There are three facts discussed in the passage that is commonly felt by Sunni Islamic militaristic on their feelings concerning the United States. First is the occupation of the U.S in holy Islamic places such as Iraq, which Osama Bin Laden was an occupant. Second is the inflicted damage on Iraqi people by “crusader-Zionist alliances” and Americans. Last is the United States continuous alliance with Israel. These three crimes “are a clear declaration of war on Allah, and Muslims.” What is interesting is that Osama Bin Laden and the other Islamic leaders say they are talking for all of Muslims, but it is obvious that Muslim minorities like the Kurds, the Lurs, and the Balochs are persecuted even though they believe in Allah and are Muslim brothers. It seems that this fatwa is a clear representation of Iraqi citizens’ anger and it is easy to rally people around a scapegoat instead of handle the situation in a controlled fashion.
Gorbachev- his willingness for reform, his lack of support for the communist satellite governments, his idealism of improving the moral of his country.
Soviet Economy- decline of oil prices, they tried to keep up with the US in the arms race
Above is a picture of a U.S. Air Force after action report concerning days of a low and high threat of nuclear warfare. This report was issued during the Able Archer exercises in 1983. This specific report concerned Able Archer 83, an exercise conducted by NATO lasting five days. The Soviet Union prepared its nuclear weapons after feeling threatened by the United States and misread Able Archer intentions. It was believed that Able Archer was a tactic to confuse the Soviet Union as the U.S. prepared for a possible nuclear attack. In response, the Soviet Union prepared for a possible strike. This is also known as the 1983 war scare.
After the conflict was negotiated, President Reagan realized that the Soviet Union felt just as threatened as the U.S. felt. This was one of the key events that led Reagan to pursue a reduction in the number of nuclear weapons in both the U.S. and the Soviet Union. Reagan feared that a nuclear war could be near but could never be won. Later, Reagan and Gorbachev agreed to on-site inspections to confirm the reduction in arms. Soon, the Soviet Union gave up 1,836 missiles while the U.S. gave up 859 (Herring 897).
Because in order to get into the archives you have to schedule a time I have not been able to look through the archives yet, but I have emailed Rebecca and am hoping to spend at least an hour or so there on Monday, provided that that time works for her.
Since I haven’t been able to make it into the archives I have been focusing on finding what I can about Jewell students who served in Vietnam online. So far most of the references I have been able to find through the internet have been in obituaries. My focus moving forward is to try to find some veterans who are still alive and/or more information about the influence the war had on Jewell students of the time. One trend I have noticed is that many of the veterans I have found so far were greek during their days at Jewell, so if I can find enough information I would like to explore the relationship between the fraternities on campus and the war.
Another aspect I am looking into is expanding my search a little bit to include veterans and veteran organizations in Liberty in general, and then trying to narrow my search down from there by searching for ties to Jewell among those who I have already established had ties to the war in town.
For my research paper I was tasked to interview Michael Cook, a former Jewell professor who served in Vietnam, and to try and find some old newspapers and/or yearbooks that relate Jewell to Vietnam. Over the last few days I set about to accomplish these tasks. I emailed Dr. Cook and asked him when there was a good time to interview him about his time spent in Vietnam. He emailed me back and said that there must be some confusion because he has never been to Vietnam much less fight overseas during the Vietnam War.
I then went to the Clay County Archives to try and find some old resources that would link Jewell to Vietnam. I looked at many old Jewell yearbooks from the 50’s and 60’s. I spent a lot of time flipping through the old yearbooks and found absolutely nothing linking Jewell to Vietnam. They also had a lot of information about the names of people who served in Vietnam and died who lived in the Kansas City Area. I am planning on going back to the Clay County Archives on Monday, the next time they’re open, with my computer so I can research these names and see if they are linked to Jewell in any way.
So I haven’t been able to make it into the archives yet, but I have been finding as much online as I can and I found some more Jewell alum who served in Vietnam:
Name: Arthur A. Bergman, Colonel, United States Marine Corps (Retired)
LARRY L. FRAZIER
DR. SCOTT FALKE Associate Professor of Biology William Jewell College (military background but likely did not serve in Vietnam)
This isn’t Jewell specific, but it is in liberty!
Olive Thomas and Virginia Rice saw Jewell evolve from an old-world institution into a modern
one. They welcomed and taught the veterans who returned from World War II, Korea and Vietnam